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Super Revision Note (General Awareness)

ANCIENT HISTORY

  • The earliest evidence of agriculture in Indian Subcontinent is found from
Mehrgarh
  • The first Palaeolithic tools were discovered in India by
Robert Bruce Foote
  • The most common motif of the Indus Seals
Unicorn
  • Harappan town which was divided into three parts
Dholavira
  • The rows of distinctive fire altars with provision of ritual bathing have been found from
Kalibangan
  • The Shatapatha Brahmana is related to
Yajur Veda
  • Veda which is partly in prose and partly in verses is
Yajur Veda
  • In which sacrifice, the sacrificial materials used was sura in Vedic Era
Sautramani
  • In Dasrajan Yudha (Battle of Ten Kings) the Bharatas emerged winner at the bank of
Parushni River
  • The Boghazkoi inscription was discovered in
Turkey
  • King. Ashvapati of the Upanishadic Age was the ruler of
Kekaya
  • In Pali texts, Nigantha Nataputta is referred to as
Mahavira
  • The Mahasamghika School arose at
Vaisali
  • The author of Abhidhamma treatise Kathavatthu –
Moggaliputta Tissa
  • “Sandrokottus” of the Greco-Roman literature was identified with Chandragupta Maurya by
William Jones
  • The cotton cloth worn by Indians had a brighter white colour than any cotton found elsewhere. This view was recorded by
Megasthenes
  • The inscriptions of Ashoka and the Brahmi script were deciphered by
James Princep
  • Ashoka made his famous declaration, “All men are my children” in the inscription of –
Separate Kalinga Rock Edict I
  • The beneficiaries of Asoka’s donations in the region of Barabar Hill were
Ajivikas
  • As per Asoka’s inscriptions, the place declared tax free and proclaimed only 1/8th part as taxable was
Lumbini
  • The last Mauryan ruler, who was killed by his Commander-in-Chief was
Brihadratha
  • The Kushans issues the coins made of
Gold, Silver and Copper
  • The first Satavahana King to introduce the Ruler’s head on the coins
Satkarni 1
  • One of the writers of the Dharmashashtra disapproved the practice of Sati declaring it as an act of suicide
Medhatithi
  • Vallabhi era is identical with The Gupta era Gupta emperors who called himself “Lichchhavidauhitra” was
Samudragupta
  • The terms used for coins of the Gupta period
Dinara and Rupaka
  • Parnadatta was appointed the Provincial Governor of Saurashtra by
Skandagupta
  • According to the beliefs of the Pasupata sect, Siva is the lord of Pasu. Pasu refers to
Jiva
  • The title “Paramasaugata” was adopted by –
Rajya Vardhana
  • The plays written by Harshavardhan in Sanskrit
Nagananda, Priyadarshika and Ratnavali
  • Garuda was adopted as dynastic emblem after the imperial Guptas by
Rashtrakutas
  • Among the five monolithic rathas of Pallavas at Mahabalipuram, the largest is
Dharmaraja

MEDIEVAL HISTORY

  • Ibn Battuta, the famous Muslim explorer who came to India during regime of
Mohammad Bin Tughlaq
  • Rajatarangini was written by Kalhan As per the Prithviraja-Raso, the four Rajput Clans which emerged from Agni-Kunda of Mount Abu are
Pratiharas, Chauhans, Chalukyas, Parmaras
  • The Medieval rulers who had stamped the figure of Goddess Lakshmi on his coins and had his name inscribed in Nagari Characters was –

Muhammad Ghori

  • The highest officer under the Turkish / Khilji Rulers of the Delhi Sultanate was – Naib-i-Mulk During the Delhi Sultanate, Barids were
The spy / news reporters
  • The Gujarat ruler who defeated Muhammad Ghor near Mount Abu was
Bhimdev Solanki II
  • At the time of invasion of Alauddin, Warangal was ruled by
Kakatiya Dynasty
  • ‘Hazar Dinari’ during the regime of Alauddin Khilji was
Malik Kafur
  • The single biggest item of import to the Vijayanagar empire was
Horses
  • During Mughal Period who was named as “Zinda Pir” or ” Living Saint”
Aurangzeb
  • Kabuliyat and Patta as instruments of settlement were introduced during the reign of
Sher Shah Suri
  • The ambassadors of Qucen Elizabeth visited Akbar’s court to obtain a Firman for trade in Gujarat was
John Mildenhall
  • Mahabharata translated into Persian and named -Akbar it as ‘Razmnamah’ by
Akbar
  • Mahzarnama was issued to take all the religious matters into his own hands by
Akbar
  • The portion of the actual produce fixed as state’s share under the Zabti System of Mughals was
One-third
  • The most important source of information about the agrarian conditions during Mughals is
Ain-i-Akbari
  • French explorer who visited court of Emperor Shah Jahan and left a detailed account of Takht-1-Taus (Peacock throne) was
Jean-Baptiste Tavernier
  • The author of Tabqat-i-Akbari was
Khwaja Nizamuddin Ahmad
  • Famous sufi saint Nizamuddin Auliya settled in Delhi during the reign of
Akbar
  • Shivaji had formed a council of eight ministers that a administered the Maratha empire. The council was named as
Ashta Pradhan
  • The unit of measurement of land in Maratha dominions was
Kathi
  • The Royal cavalry of the Maratha Army System was called
The Bargirs

MODERN INDIA

  • The founder of French East India Company for trade in India was
Colbert
  • The British East India Company secured the Diwani right of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa through the treaty of
Allahabad
  • Mahalwari System of Revenue Settlement was introduced in
North West Provinces, the Punjab, Delhi, Parts of Central India and Uttar Pradesh
  • Triple alliance was formed against Haider immediately before the first Anglo-Mysore war of 176769 includes
The British, the Marathas, and the Nizam of Hyderabad
  • Treaty of Bassein in 1802 was signed between
British East India Company and Baji Rao II
  • The first ‘victim of the British policy of Subsidiary Alliance was
Hyderabad
  • The famous book “Ghulamgiri” was written by
Jyotiba Phule
  • Basumati, the oldest Bengali Daily paper was edited by
Barinder Kumar Ghosh
  • Charter Acts that ended the commercial monopoly of East India Company in India was
Charter Acts of 1813
  • The magna carta of western education system in India is
Wood’s Despatch, 1854
  • State annexed into the East India territories via the Doctrine of Lapse was
Satara (1848), Jaitpur and Sambalpur (1849), Nagpur and Jhansi (1854), Tanjore and Arcot (1855) and Awadh (1856)
  • The leader of revolt of 1857 in Lucknow was
Begum Hazrat Mahal
  • Indian Mirror edited and published in 1861 by
Manmohan Ghosh and Devendranath Tagore
  • Hindu Mela was started in 1867 by Nabagopal Mitra at
Calcutta
  • Vernacular Press Act was passed by
Lord Lytton
  • In 1879 “The Bengalee” Newspaper was started by
Surendranath Banerjee
  • First census was conducted in India in
1872
  • During the independence movement, newspaper Kesari’ was published by
Bal Gangadhar Tilak
  • The first meeting of Indian National Congress was held in Bombay in 1885 AD under the leadership of
Womesh Chandra Banerjee
  • The first Englishmen to preside over a Congress session was
George Yule
  • Father of Indian Unrest was
Bal Gangadhar Tilak
  • The drain theory of Dadabhai Naoroji was formally accepted by the Indian National Congress in

Calcutta Session, 1896

  • All India Muslim League was established in 1906 at
Dhaka
  • The resolution of Swadeshi was adopted during the Congress session of
Calcutta in 1906
  • Moderates and the Extremists in the Indian National Congress split in 1907 at
Surat
  • The national anthem of India ‘Jana Gana Mana’ was first sung at
Calcutta, 1911
  • The annulment of Partition of Bengal was done by
Lord Hardinge
  • Aurbindo Ghosh in the Alipore conspiracy case was defended by
Chittaranjan Das
  • Ghadar Journal was first published in Urdu Bal Gangadhar Tilak was given the epithet of ‘Lokmanya’ during
Home Rule Movement
  • Lucknow session of Indian National Congress that took place in 1916 was presided by
Ambika Charan Majumdar
  • The first civil disobedience movement of Mahatma Gandhi in India was
Champaran Satyagrah
  • The leader who joined Gandhiji in the Champaran Satyagraha held on April 10, 1917 was
Rajendra Prasad
  • Resigned from the membership of the Viceroy’s Executive Council as a protest against Jallianwala Bagh Massacre was
Shankaran Nair
  • Events that took place immediately before the massacre at Jallianwala Bagh was
Passage of the Rowlatt Act
  • The Special Calcutta Session, 1920, in which Mahatma Gandhi moved the Non-cooperation resolution was presided by
Lala Lajpat Rai
  • Bhil Seva Mandal was established in 1922 by
Amritlal Vitthaldas Thakkar
  • The first woman president to chair the Indian National Congress at Kanpur session of 1925
Sarojini Naidu
  • The historic Lahore session of 1929 of Indian National Congress was presided by
Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru
  • First registered Trade Union of India was
Madras Labour Union
  • Salt march in the Eastern Coast in Tiruchirappalli to the coastal village of Vedaranyam was led by
C. Rajagopalachari
  • The city known for the “Jhanda Satyagraha” and observance of the All India Flag Day on June 18, 1923 is
Nagpur
  • The Second Round Table Conference was held
September 7, 1931
  • Execution of Bhagat Singh took place on
March 23, 1931
  • Martyrdom of Chandrashekhar Azad took place on
February 17, 1931
  • The only Indian prince who actively participated in the Revolutionary Movement within and outside India was
Raja Mahendra Pratap
  • Curzon Wyllie, who was murdered by Madan Lal Dhingra in London, was
Adviser to the Secretary of State of India
  • First Satyagrahi nominated by Mahatma Gandhi for the Individual Satyagraha of 1940 was
Vinoba Bhave
  • Direct Action Day on August 16, 1946 was observed by
Muslim League
  • President of Indian National Congress at the time of independence was
JB Kripalani
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